The evolution of minimally invasive surgery in the last decade has changed the basis of modern surgery. For many years, laparoscopy has been considered the paradigm of this new form of surgery. However, it is commonly accepted that, in spite of being a revolutionary surgical progress, limitations and difficulties when performing certain abdominal procedures are encountered when using laparoscopic methods.
The incorporation of computer-assisted surgery and its gradual development has increased the technical options for patients with digestive pathologies who require a surgical procedure that ensures safety, effectiveness, minimal invasion and aggressiveness.
When robotic surgery is used in adequate contexts, it reduces the risks of open surgery and overcomes the advantages of laparoscopic surgery.
Highly qualified hospitals throughout the world have gradually incorporated this technique to their technological resources, and therefore they can offer wider therapeutic options for their patients.
The surgeon has no direct contact with the patient when using robotic surgery. They use a console located in the same operation room or even in another location or country. The device is equipped with a 3D vision system and ergonomic controls that feature the same skills as the human hand. Using these controls, the surgeon sends the commands to the robot located next to the operating table, and this robot reproduces with great precision the surgeon's commands thanks to its three arms. A fourth arm controls the 3D endoscopic camera.